theses

Public defence in computer and information science: Alisa Lincke

Title: A computational approach for modeling context across different application domains
Subject: Computer and information science
Faculty: Faculty of Technology
Date: Tuesday 21 April 2020 at 9.00 am
Place: Room Wicksell, building K, Växjö
External reviewer: Professor Barbara Wasson, University of Bergen, Norway
Examining committee: Associate Professor Mar Pérez-Sanagustín, Institute de Recherche en Informatique de Toulouse (IRIT), France
Professor Juan Manuel Murillo Rodríguez, University of Extremadura, Cáceres, Spain
Associate Professor Denzil Socrates Teixeira Ferreira, University of Oulu, Finland
Chairperson: Professor Italo Masiello, Department of Computer Science and Media Technology, Linnaeus University
Supervisor: Associate Professor Marc Jansen, Department of Computer Science and Media Technology, Linnaeus University
Assistant supervisor: Professor Marcelo Milrad, Department of Computer Science and Media Technology, Linnaeus University
Examiner: Associate Professor Nuno Otero, Department of Computer Science and Media Technology, Linnaeus University
Spikning: Monday 30 March 2020 at 9.00 am at the University library in Växjö

Abstract

Nowadays, people use a wide range of devices (e.g., mobile phones, smart watches, tablets, activity bands, laptops) to access different digital applications and services. The ubiquitous distribution of these devices allows them to be used across different settings, in different situations, and in a large number of different domains. These devices contain a variety of hardware features (e.g., sensors, Internet connectivity, camera, low energy Bluetooth connectivity) that allow for gathering diverse data types that can be used in many application domains. Among other areas, they could be utilized in mobile learning situations (e.g., for data collection in science education, field trips), to support mobile health (e.g., for health data collection, monitoring the health states of patients, monitoring for changes in health conditions and/or detection of emergency situations), and to provide personalised recommendations (e.g., for recommending services based on the user’s location and time). These devices help to capture the current contextual situation of the user, which could make applications more personalised in order to generate novel services and to deliver a better user experience. However, most applications lack capturing the user’s context situation or have been often limited to the user’s current location and time. Therefore, new ways of conceptualising and processing contextual information are necessary in order to support the development of personalised and contextualised applications and services.

Substantial research in the field of contextualisation has explored aspects related to computational modelling of context focusing on just one specific application domain. Most of the existing context models do not address the issue of generalization as being a core feature of the model. Thus, the model is to a particular application domain or scenario. The main goal of this thesis is to conceptualise, design and validate an approach for a unified context model and to investigate its applicability in different application domains. This thesis presents the state of the art of recent approaches used for context modelling and it introduces a rich context model as an approach for modelling context in a domain-independent way. Re-usability and flexibility of the proposed rich context model are illustrated by showing several applications domains (e.g., mobile learning, recommender systems, data analytics, eHealth) in which the model has been tested. This work explains the promising potential of using rich context models to support the personalization of services that are tied to the user’s current context. The results and outcomes of this work pave the way for new opportunities and further research related to the integration and combination of the proposed rich context model with machine learning techniques.