People working together

3rd Annual Entrepreneurship-as-Practice Conference and PhD Consortium

Entrepreneurship as Practice (EaP) will host their third conference and PhD Consortium at Linnaeus University in Växjö on 17-20 April 2018 with a focus on entrepreneurship in practice.

The third version of this conference is aimed at entrepreneurship scholars and PhD candidates who are using or interested in practice theory-led approaches for understanding entrepreneurial phenomena. PhD candidates and junior faculty looking to learn about practice theory and entrepreneurship as well as make connections and get feedback from top international scholars on their work will find the consortium highly valuable. Researchers that wish to further develop their empirical and conceptual articles using practice theories and methodologies are encouraged to apply.

About Entrepreneurship as Practice

EaP aims to build a community of likeminded scholars that employ practice theories to further advance entrepreneurship studies. This community aims to demonstrate how different practice theories can be used to answer new questions, shine new light on classic entrepreneurship questions, and introduce novel methodologies to the field. In doing so, EaP wish to bridge the divide between practitioners and scholars in order to engage in a more mutually beneficial dialogue.

Call for Papers

Introduction

Building on the first (February 2016 at VU Amsterdam) and second (February 2017 at University College Dublin Quinn School of Business) entrepreneurship-as-practice workshops, this conference and PhD consortium continues to explore what the 'practice turn' (Nicolini, 2009, 2012; Schatzki, 2002, 2005; Schatzki, Knorr-Cetina & von Savigny, 2001), may bring to understanding entrepreneurship. Initiated by such calls by Steyaert (2007) and Johannisson (2011), the entrepreneurship-as-practice movement is now gaining traction, witnessed by such contributions as De Clercq & Voronov (2009), Terjesen & Elam (2009); Goss et al. (2011), and Keating et al. (2013).

While classic "philosophers of practice" (e.g. Heidegger, 1929/1996; Wittgenstein, 1953, 1969, 1982, 1980) and "theorists of practice" (e.g. Bourdieu, 1990; Giddens, 1976) have emphasized the habitual, repetitive and taken-for-granted role of human practices, practice researchers today focus on the coordination of actions that reflect people's understandings of "how to get things done" in complex settings (Nicolini, 2012; Orlikowski, 2002). Taking a practice approach makes it possible to conceive of the entrepreneurial process 'as a culturally shaped achievement, the result of engaging with and transforming social practices of doing and living' (Steyaert, 2007).

Practice theory relies on the general principle of consequentiality: the relationship between situated action and the social structure in which the action takes place (Feldman & Orlikowski, 2011). Practices can be seen as bundled activity patterns that constitute daily life, thus they are non-individualistic phenomena since 'the organization of a practice is not a collection of properties of individual people [but] is a feature of the practice, expressed in the open-ended set of actions that compose the practice' (Schatzki et al., 2001).

We see practice theory as a means to advance entrepreneurship research in several ways. First, entrepreneurship as practice continues to move away from understanding 'who' an entrepreneur is towards the importance of activity, performance, and work in the creation and perpetuation of entrepreneurial practice. Second, practice theory helps us understand the critical role of the body and material objects in organizing entrepreneurship. Third, the practice perspective helps us perceive and better understand the reproduction of entrepreneurial practices across time, space, and individuals.

Emphasizing the intricate socially situated practices of entrepreneurs comes with considerable theoretical and methodological implications. These will be addressed during the PhD consortium and research conference.

This conference aims at developing empirical and conceptual papers around the 'practice turn' taking place in entrepreneurship studies. To do so, we have developed a PhD and Junior Faculty Consortium and a Research Conference to advance understanding of entrepreneurship-as-practice, foster network ties, facilitate collaborative writing relationships, and build a strong community of practice scholars.

PhD and Junior Faculty Consortium

The PhD and Junior Faculty Consortium will be held on 16-17th April, followed by attendance at the Research Conference on 18-19th, concluding with a half-day seminar on 20th April. Location of the PhD and Junior Faculty Consortium is the beautiful castle Teleborgs Slott in Vaxjö . The consortium is organized by the conveners and Linnaeus University, who will be offering 7.5 ECTS for PhD students who complete the course work and papers. Interested PhD candidates and Junior Faculty should submit an abstract (of less than 1,000 words) by December 15, 2017 to William B. Gartner (william.gartner@lnu.se). As space is limited at the consortium, authors will be notified of acceptance or otherwise by December 20th, 2017. Full working papers for accepted students will be due February 15, 2018. The course fee is 4,000 SEK (VAT not included). Some scholarships for attendance will be made available. The course fee includes a welcome reception on Sunday, April 15, lunches, coffee and snacks (fika) on all days of the consortium AND all meals, etc. during the conference.

Participants will be required to complete a mandatory reading list:

EAP 3 Doctoral & Junior Faculty Consortium Reading List

Books

  • Nicolini, D. (2012). Practice Theory, Work and Organization: An Introduction. Oxford University Press. Oxford. (Preparation should emphasize chapters 1, 3, 6, 7, and 9)
  • Gherardi, S. (2012). How to conduct a practice-based study: Problems and methods. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Articles

  • Feldman, M.S. and Orlikowski, W.J. (2011). Theorizing practice and practicing theory. Organization Science, 22(5), pp.1240-1253.
  • Johannisson, B. (2011). Towards a practice theory of entrepreneuring. Small Business Economics. 36, 135-150.
  • Keating, A., Geiger, S. & McLoughlin, D. (2014). Riding the practice waves: Social resourcing practices during new venture development. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice 38 (5), 1207-1235.
  • McKeever, E., Anderson, A., & Jack, S. (2014). Entrepreneurship and mutuality: social capital in processes and practices. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 26(5-6), 453-477.
  • Pret, T., Shaw, E., & Drakopoulou Dodd, S. (2016). Painting the full picture: The conversion of economic, cultural, social and symbolic capital. International Small Business Journal, 34(8), 1004-1027.
  • Schatzki, T. R. (2006). On organizations as they happen. Organization studies, 27(12), 1863-1873.
  • Schatzki, T. R. (2012). "A primer on practices." Practice-based education: Perspectives and strategies: 13-26
  • Steyaert, C. (2007). 'Entrepreneuring' as a conceptual attractor? A review of process theories in 20 years of entrepreneurship studies. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 19(6), 453-477
  • Terjesen, S. and Elam, A. (2009), Transnational entrepreneurs' venture internationalization strategies: A practice theory approach. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice. 33, 1093–1120.

(Optional) Supplemental Reading and Watching

  • Bourdieu, P. (1990). The Logic of Practice. Stanford University Press.
  • De Clercq, D., & Voronov, M. (2009). Toward a practice perspective of entrepreneurship entrepreneurial legitimacy as habitus. International Small Business Journal, 27(4), 395-419.
  • Giddens, A. (1976). New Rules of Sociological Method. Hutchinson, London
  • Heidegger, M. (1929/1996). Being and Time. Albany: SUNY Press.
  • Orlikowski, W.J. (2002). Knowing in practice: Enacting a collective capability in distributed organizing. Organization Science, 13(3), pp.249-273.
  • Schatzki, T. R. (1987). Overdue analysis of Bourdieu's theory of practice. Inquiry, 30(1-2), 113-135.
  • Schatzki, T. R. (1988). The nature of social reality. Philosophy and phenomenological research, 49(2), 239-260.
  • Schatzki, T. R., Knorr-Cetina, K., & von Savigny, E. (Eds.). (2001). The Practice Turn in Contemporary Theory. Psychology Press. London.

In addition, a short video that introduces practice theory and methods by Elizabeth Shove – can be found at: Time stamp start-end minute 5:00 – 13: 30
http://www.lancaster.ac.uk/staff/shove/lecture/filmedlecture.htm

And the videos of Davide Nicolini (EAP1 in Amsterdam), and Theodore Schatzki (EAP2 in Dublin) are available on the EAP website: https://www.entrepreneurshipaspractice.com

The consortium will be organized around lectures by practice scholars, open-ended discussions, paper pitches, practice-based methods training, networking opportunities, a group writing project, paper development, and mentoring. Topics that will be covered in the consortium will include:

  • How should we define and use "practice" (e.g., practice theory, practice studies, entrepreneurship as practice) and its related concepts in the context of entrepreneurship?
  • How can we apply various strands of practice theory (such as situated learning theory, cultural and historical activity theory (CHAT), praxeology, and ethno-methodology) to study entrepreneurship phenomenon, while still keeping conceptual coherence?
  • What role does the human body and objects play in entrepreneurial activity? Why does this matter?
  • How does practice approach refocus the 'outcomes' of entrepreneurial action?
  • How is a practice perspective related to but different from entrepreneurial effectuation?
  • How can a practice approach link, or go beyond, micro and macro perspectives in entrepreneurship?
  • What implications does practice theory have for entrepreneurial creativity?
  • What methodological considerations come with a non-individualist notion of entrepreneurial practice?

Participants in the PhD and Junior Faculty Consortium will generate two papers as a part of the course work. The first paper will be the individual paper that will be discussed during the research conference (as noted above, an abstract (of less than 1,000 words) is due by December 15, 2017 to William B. Gartner (william.gartner@lnu.se) and a full working paper for accepted students will be due February 15, 2018. The second paper will be a group paper that will be assigned during the consortium.

Research Conference

The conference will be held on 18-19th April 2018 (with a welcome reception the evening of April 17). The conference will offer keynote lectures, opportunities for networking, pitch presentations and round-table collaborative paper development sessions. The location of the conference will be the main campus of Linnaeus University.

Scholars wishing to present during the conference must submit an abstract to William B. Gartner (william.gartner@lnu.se) by December 15, 2017. The abstract should not exceed more than 1,000 words. Authors will be notified of acceptance or otherwise by December 20th, 2017. Full papers should be submitted by February 15th, 2018. All accepted papers will be pitched to all conference participants on the first day of the conference. During the second day of the conference, papers will be assigned to small working groups for developmental input and feedback. The fee for the conference is 2,500 SEK (VAT not included). The conference fee includes a welcome reception on Tuesday, April 17, a conference dinner on Wednesday, April 18, and, lunches, coffee and snacks (fika) on the two days of the conference.

The conference will take place over two full days (from 9.00 to 17.00) on April 18 and 19th (with a welcome reception on the evening of April 17) on the Linnaeus University campus.

Queries

Address any queries about the conference or PhD consortium to
william.gartner@lnu.se

International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior and Research Special Issue on "Entrepreneurship as Practice"

The conference will serve as an opportunity for scholars to receive developmental feedback on papers that could be submitted to a special issue on "Entrepreneurship as Practice" for the International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior and Research. Details on the Call for Papers for this special issue will be posted by November 1, 2017 on the journal's web site (http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journal/ijebr) and the deadline for submissions will be October 1, 2018.

References

  • Bourdieu, P. (1990). The Logic of Practice. Stanford University Press.

  • De Clercq, D., & Voronov, M. (2009). Toward a practice perspective of entrepreneurship entrepreneurial legitimacy as habitus. International Small Business Journal, 27(4), 395-419.
  • Feldman, M.S. and Orlikowski, W.J. (2011). Theorizing practice and practicing theory. Organization Science, 22(5), pp.1240-1253.
  • Giddens, A. (1976). New Rules of Sociological Method. Hutchinson, London
  • Goss, D., Jones, R., Latham, J., & Betta, M. (2011). Power as practice: A micro-sociological analysis of the dynamics of emancipatory entrepreneurship. Organization Studies, 32(2), 211–229.
  • Heidegger, M. (1929/1996). Being and Time. Albany: SUNY Press.
  • Johannisson, B. (2011). Towards a practice theory of entrepreneuring. Small Business Economics. 36, 135-150.
  • Keating, A., Geiger, S. & McLoughlin, D. (2014). Riding the practice waves: Social resourcing practices during new venture development. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice 38 (5), 1207-1235.
  • Nicolini, D. (2009) Zooming in and out: Studying practices by switching theoretical lenses and trailing connections", Organization Studies, Vol.30, No.12, 1391-1418
  • Nicolini, D. (2012). Practice Theory, Work and Organization: An Introduction. Oxford University Press. Oxford.
  • Orlikowski, W.J. (2002). Knowing in practice: Enacting a collective capability in distributed organizing. Organization Science, 13(3), pp.249-273.
  • Schatzki, T. R. (2002). The site of the social: A philosophical account of the constitution of social life and change, Penn State Press.
  • Schatzki, T. R. (2005). Peripheral vision: The sites of organizations. Organization Studies 26(3): 465-484.
  • Schatzki, T. R., Knorr-Cetina, K., & von Savigny, E. (Eds.). (2001). The Practice Turn in Contemporary Theory. Psychology Press. London.
  • Steyaert, C. (2007). 'Entrepreneuring' as a conceptual attractor? A review of process theories in 20 years of entrepreneurship studies. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 19(6), 453-477
  • Terjesen, S. and Elam, A. (2009), Transnational entrepreneurs' venture internationalization strategies: A practice theory approach. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice. 33, 1093–1120.
  • Wittgenstein, L. (1953). Philosophical Investigations. Oxford: Blackwell.
  • Wittgenstein, L. (1969). On certainty. Oxford: Blackwell.
  • Wittgenstein, L. (1981). Zettel (2nd. Ed.). Oxford: Blackwell.
  • Wittgenstein, L. (1980). Culture and value (Amended 2nd Ed.). Oxford: Blackwell.

 

Programme

Monday 16 April

Doctoral students at Teleborg castle whole day

Tuesday 17 April

Doctoral students at Teleborg castle whole day

Reception at night at restaurant Kristina or Rasken

Wednesday 18 April

At Linnaeus University all day

Dinner in M building

Thursday 19 April

At Linnaeus University all day

Friday 20 April

Doctoral students at Teleborg castle ½ day

Keynote speakers and Panelists

  • Daniel Hjorth, Copenhagen Business School
  • Bengt Johannisson, Linnaeus University
  • Elisabet Carine Ljunggren, Nord University
  • Chris Steyaert, University of St. Gallen

Conveners

  • Orla Byrne, University College Dublin
  • William B. Gartner, Babson College + Linnaeus University
  • Bruce Teague, Eastern Washington University
  • Malin Tillmar, Linnaeus University
  • Neil Thompson, VU University Amsterdam
  • Karen Verduijn, VU University Amsterdam

To reach Växjö

It is expected that for most of the participants outside Scandinavia, the most convenient way to reach Växjö is to take a flight to Copenhagen airport (Kastrup), and then continue with a direct train from the airport to Växjö. It takes around two and half hours to go from the airport to Växjö.

If you travel by train from Copenhangen you can find train schedule and purchase your train ticket on sj.se/en

You can also have a look at schedule of trains from Copenhagen to Växjö and back at Lanstrafikenkron.se/en
If you search you will find information in English. At the moment the schedule as a file can only be found in Swedish.
Schedule of trains from Copenhagen to Växjö and back in Swedish.

Train tickets at Copenhagen Airport (Kastrup):
1. You buy tickets using a vending machine at the luggage claim (credit card only) inside the airport, or after checking out using vending machines (credit card) or ticket offices (cash or credit card). Tickets are sold close to the escalators to the train platforms. When you have a ticket, follow directions "To Malmø" to reach the correct platform. Make sure to buy the train ticket before entering the train as ticket purchase on board is impossible.

2. There are two train companies, SJ and Öresundstågen. Their tickets cannot be interchanged. Therefore make sure to get the right ticket. Öresundstågen goes directly Copenhagen Airport - Växjö without change of train. SJ trains goes from Malmö to Växjö often with a change of train in Hässleholm. Öresundstågen tickets are valid on any Öresundstågen departure within a certain time frame, whereas SJ tickets are valid for a specific SJ departures.

3. The SJ vending machines sell both companies' tickets, whereas the Öresundstågen vending machines sell only Öresundstågen tickets.

From Stockholm

In the case you enter Sweden from the east (Finland, Russia, China and Japan) it might also be convenient to take a flight to Stockholm airport (Arlanda), and then continue with a domestic flight to Växjö, or by trains.

If you travel by train from Stockholm you can find train schedule and purchase your train ticket on this website on sj.se/en

To reach campus

Bus to campus

The best way to reach campus is to take the bus no. 3 direction "Universitetet". Our recommendation is to buy "Visitors ticket". Then you can travel all over Växjö city and you can choose between a ticket valid during 24 or 72 hours. The ticket can be purchased on board at bus or at Customer center at Växjö railway station. If you want to pay on the bus we suggest you use your credit card. If you pay with cash there is an extra fee. The price varies between 67 SEK-144 SEK depending if you choose 24 hours or 72 or hours and your age. This information and more you will find at Länstrafiken Kronoberg

By bike

Many hotels have a bicycle if you would prefer that. It takes about 20 minutes by bike from city center to Linnaeus University.

Map of Campus in Växjö

Here you find a map over campus in Växjö (page 2 English)

Accomodations for PhD and Junior Faculty Consortium Participants

We have pre-booked rooms at the hotel listed below. Please, call or email the hotel directly and mention the booking code "EAP2018" when you book to get our special price.

Note: The pre-booked rooms cannot be reserved online on the hotels own website or through an online third party wholesaler.

Teleborg Castle
(single room from 940 SEK/night)
Slottsallén
SE-351 96 VÄXJÖ
You can book this hotel via email: info@teleborgsslott.com
or telephone +46 470 – 34 89 80

If you want to share a room, the hotel above offer rooms for double occupancy at a slightly higher price.

Accomodations for Research Conference Participants

We have pre-booked rooms at the hotels listed below. Please, call or email the hotel directly and mention the booking code "EAP2018" when you book to get our special price.

Note: The pre-booked rooms can not be reserved online on the hotels own website or through an online third party wholesaler.

Elite Stadshotellet Växjö
(single room from 936 SEK/night)
Kungsgatan 6, Box 198
SE-352 33 VÄXJÖ
You can book this hotel via email reservation.vaxjo@elite.se
or telephone +46 470 – 134 00

Elite Park Hotel
(single room from 913 SEK/night)
Västra Esplanaden 10-14
Box 434
SE-351 06 VÄXJÖ
You can book this hotel via email reservation.vaxjo@elite.se
or telephone +46 470 – 70 22 00.

Clarion Collection Hotel Cardinal
(single room from 1110 SEK/night)
Bäckgatan 10
SE-352 30 VÄXJÖ
You can book this hotel via email cc.cardinal@choice.se
or telephone +46 470 - 72 28 00.

Quality Hotel Royal Corner
(single room from 845 SEK/night)
Liedbergsgatan 11
SE-352 32 VÄXJÖ
You can book this hotel via email q.royalcorner@choice.se
or telephone +46 470 – 70 10 00

PM & Vänner Hotel
(single room from 1350:-/night)
Västergatan 10
SE-352 31 VÄXJÖ
You can book this hotel via email reservations@pmhotel.se
Or telephone +46 470 – 75 97 00

Hotell Värend
(single room from 710 SEK/night)
Kungsgatan 27
SE-352 33, VÄXJÖ
You can book this hotel via email info@hotellvarend.se
or telephone +46/470 – 77 67 00

Hotell Esplanad
(single room from 725 SEK/night)
Norra Esplanaden 21 A
SE-352 31, VÄXJÖ
You can book this hotel via email info@hotelesplanad.com
or telephone +46 470 – 225 80

If you want to share a room some of the hotels above offer rooms for double occupancy at the same or a slightly higher price.