Methods and Meta-science
Within Methods and Meta-science, we work on developing and improving research methods and on projects that have a meta-scientific perspective on research. This includes everything from validating psychological instruments to conducting systematic reviews and meta-analyses across entire research fields.
Our projects are rooted in psychology but are often interdisciplinary, as many research methods (e.g., for systematic reviews and meta-analyses) are similar across disciplines. The department's interdisciplinary collaborations include fields and subjects such as educational science and didactics, research on disabilities, and data-driven decision support/AI.
All work within Methods and Meta-science is permeated with our continuous commitment to promoting open science and reproducibility in both research and education.
Below is a brief description of the department's various research areas and projects, and the members mainly working within the area.
Systematic reviews of Evidence in Learning and Didactics
Evidence in Learning and Didactics (ELD) is a larger collaboration aimed at producing evidence for learning and didactics through systematic reviews, meta-analyses, and meta-reviews, and presenting them on an interactive platform.
A main part of this project is a large-scale review of the “Hattie's list”, which is conducted within the framework of the project Rethinking Hattie's list of student achievement, funded by the Swedish Research Council (Vetenskapsrådet).
ELD also includes the development of a resource specifically for educators. By writing pop-science summaries of carefully reviewed systematic reviews and analyses, we aim to make educational research more accessible, understandable, and relevant for teachers, principals, and other educators.
Researchers: Rickard Carlsson, André Kalmendal, Thomas Nordström and Natalie Hyltse, and Lucija Batinović (Linköping University)
Development of community augmented meta-analyses
Community-Augmented Meta-Analyses (CAMA) is a method to make meta-analyses accessible by presenting them as interactive datasets on a web platform according to FAIR principles of open data (findable, accessible, interoperable, reusable). These datasets can then be expanded and augmented by all researchers conducting meta-analyses. While the long-term aim is to develop this for various fields, we are currently using the method for Evidence in Learning and Didactics (see above), as well as for school interventions for students with intellectual disabilities (in collaboration with Linköping University).
Researchers: Rickard Carlsson and André Kalmendal, and Lucija Batinović (Linköping University)
Interdisciplinary overview of data-driven decisions and learning analytics
We have recently conducted an interdisciplinary scoping review of systematic reviews on the use of artificial intelligence as decision support tools. Based on this review, we aim to focus on, among other things, the application within education (known as Learning Analytics).
Researchers: Rickard Carlsson, Natalie Hyltse and Thomas Nordström
Methods for reproducibility and error detection in research
In close collaboration with the journal Meta-Psychology, we develop methods to ensure that the results in scientific articles can be reproduced. Lucija Batinović conducts reproducibility checks for all articles published in Meta-Psychology. We also work on developing methods to detect errors in research literature and are in the startup phase of a project to develop tools for error checks and “risk of error” checks.
Researchers: Nicholas Brown, Rickard Carlsson, James Heathers, Natalie Hyltse and André Kalmendal, and Lucija Batinović (Linköping University)
Other systematic reviews and replications
We also conduct systematic reviews and meta-analyses on discrimination in the labor market (Rickard Carlsson, Samantha Sinclair, Lucija Batinović) and replication studies in various fields focusing on social psychology (Samantha Sinclair) and forensic psychology (Rebecca Willén).
Researchers: Rickard Carlsson, Samantha Sinclair and Rebecca Willén, and Lucija Batinović (Linköping University)
Psychometrics and clinical applications
In psychometrics, Anna Bratt and Viktor Kaldo primarily work on developing self-assessment scales. Anna Bratt works on developing self-assessment scales within self-compassion. Viktor Kaldo develops, among other things, short self-assessment scales that can be used for specific diagnoses. His work also involves methods for monitoring treatments and developing models based on machine learning or traditional statistics to predict patients' treatment outcomes.
Researchers: Anna Bratt, Rickard Carlsson and Viktor Kaldo
Other engagements and collaborations
Several members of the department for Method and Meta-science are active within the internationally renowned scientific journal Meta-Psychology, for which Rickard Carlsson is the editor-in-chief, and Open Science Community Sweden. We also collaborate with the Disability Research Division (FUSA) at Linköping University, of which Lucija Batinović is a member.
Our research in methods and meta-science directly links to education in scientific methodology and statistics at Linnaeus University's psychology program, Psychology, Work and Organizational Psychology, Master Programme, independent courses in psychology, and doctoral courses in psychology. We continuously work on developing the methodology and statistical education with the latest findings in areas such as open science, reproducibility, statistical programming and visualization in the programming language R, and methods for conducting systematic reviews.
- André Kalmendal Doctoral student
- +46 470-70 85 26
- Anna Bratt Associate professor
- +46 470-76 78 20
- James Heathers Affiliated Researcher
- Natalie Hyltse Assistant
- Nicholas Brown Researcher
- Rebecca Willén
- +46 470-70 82 28
- Rickard Carlsson Associate professor
- +46 480-44 60 93
- Samantha Sinclair SENIOR LECTURER
- +46 470-76 78 81
- +46 72-594 17 57
- Thomas Nordström Senior lecturer
- +46 470-76 78 22
- Viktor Kaldo Professor
Tobias Mühlmeister, Pauline Halm and Tom Runesson are alumni that have continued to work with staff in the group.