*The image illustrates a resolvent estimate of an operator function, where red indicates large values and blue small values (Torshage, A., 2020).*

## Project information

**Project manager at Linnaeus University**

Christian Engström

**Other project members**

Heinz Langer, Vienna University of Technology, Austria

Axel Torshage, Umeå University, Sweden

Christiane Tretter, University of Bern, Switzerland

**Participating organizations**

Linnaeus University and Umeå University, Sweden; Vienna University of Technology, Austria; University of Bern, Switzerland

**Financier**

The Swedish Research Council, 2013–2018

**Timetable**

2013–

**Subject**

Mathematics (Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Technology)

## More about the project

Operator functions whose values are linear operators occur in various branches of engineering and physics, e.g., in electromagnetics, magnetohydrodynamics, and continuum mechanics. This project concerns the spectral theory of unbounded operator functions, where the non-linear dependence of the spectral parameter is a consequence of modeling advanced materials more realistically.

In particular, we study problems where the materials have memory. This leads for the time-evolution problem to integro-differential equations with a convolution term. Common models of this type are the Drude-Lorentz model in electromagnetics and Boltzmann damping in viscoelastic materials.

The objectives of the project are:

- To derive two-sided estimates of all eigenvalues of self-adjoint operator functions and apply the results to photonic crystals.
- To establish proofs of accumulation of eigenvalues to the essential spectrum for a class of rational operator functions.
- To derive enclosures of the spectrum for operator functions.
- To derive resolvent estimates for operator functions.

The project is part of the research in the Scientific Computing and Partial Differential Equations research group.

### Publications

Engström, C., Torshage, A. (2018). Accumulation of complex eigenvalues of a class of analytic operator functions. Journal of Functional Analysis. 275. 442-477.

Engström, C., Torshage, A. (2018). Spectral properties of conservative, dispersive, and absorptive photonic crystals. GAMM - Mitteilungen. 41. 1-16.

Engström, C., Langer, H., Tretter, C. (2017). Rational eigenvalue problems and applications to photonic crystals. Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications. 445. 240-279.

Engström, C., Torshage, A. (2017). On equivalence and linearization of operator matrix functions with unbounded entries. Integral equations and operator theory. 89. 465-492.

Engström, C., Torshage, A. (2017). Enclosure of the numerical range of a class of non-selfadjoint rational operator functions. Integral equations and operator theory. 88. 151-184.