drawn collage with symbols for well-being

Project: The FMS model – physical power, mental harmony and social competence

The aim of the project is to investigate whether individual lifestyle plans for high school students using the Swedish FMS model (physical power, mental harmony and social capacity) led to increased responsibility for the students' own health. Another aim is to measure how health variables change over time.

Project information

Project manager
Anna Hafsteinsson Östenberg
Other project members
Marie Alricsson and Haris Pojskic, Linnaeus University
Demir Sekulic and Barbara Gilic, University of Split, Croatia
Participating organizations
Linnaeus University; University of Split, Croatia
1 Sept 2018–
Sport Science (Department of Sport Science, Faculty of Social Sciences)

Part studies

Part studies where results from the Swedish profile Physical power, Mental harmony and Social capacity (FMS) were studied. The FMS profile consists of physical tests and questionnaires on lifestyle factors (for example, physical activity, dietary habits, alcohol and tobacco use). The instrument is now called Bwell.

  1. Yohannes H, Östenberg AH, Alricsson M. Health profile with body mass index and physical fitness in Swedish adolescents: a cross-sectional study. Int J Adolesc Med Health. 2020 Aug 24;34(6):451-458. doi: 10.1515/ijamh-2020-0169. PMID: 32833667.
    This study aimed to investigate the correlation between Body Mass Index (BMI) and three physical fitness components, including overall fitness, according to the Swedish Physical power, Mental harmony and Social capacity profile (FMS profile). Another aim was to investigate the test-retest reliability of the FMS questionnaire and fitness tests.
    Overweight and obese individuals scored lower in the fitness tests compared to their normal weight counterparts. The test-retest study revealed that the FMS questionnaire and fitness tests are reliable tools.
  2. Östenberg A.H., Pojskic H., Gilic B., Sekulic D., Alricsson M. Physical Fitness, Dietary Habits and Substance Misuse. A Cross Sectional Analysis of the Associations in 7600 Swedish Adolescents. J. Phys. Act. Health. 2022;6:26–37. doi: 10.5334/paah.164.
    Data were collected from Swedish high school students, 1st–3rd grade (16–19 yrs), both genders, overall, 7,600 Swedish adolescents using the FMS profile wich consist of physical tests and questionnaires concerning lifestyle factors (eg. physical activity, dietary habits, alcohol and tobacco use).
    Among Swedish adolescent, tobacco and alcohol use increase with age. However, physical activity is consistently protective against tobacco consumption, and dietary habits are mostly protective against alcohol consumption. Physical fitness, and low alcohol and tobacco consumption are possible health factors.
  3. Hafsteinsson Östenberg A, Enberg A, Pojskic H, Gilic B, Sekulic D, Alricsson M. Association between Physical Fitness, Physical Activity Level and Sense of Coherence in Swedish Adolescents; An Analysis of Age and Sex Differences. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Oct 7;19(19):12841. doi: 10.3390/ijerph191912841. PMID: 36232140; PMCID: PMC9565133.
    Using the Swedish Physical power Mental harmony and Social capacity (FMS) student profile, investigating Swedish students (n=2,028 males, n=1,287 females) aged 14 to 18 using a cross-sectional design.Poor sedentary behavior was significantly associated with weaker Sense of Cohorence (SOC) for both genders, indicating overall physical activity as the most important factor for stronger SOC. However, emotional support in vulnerable environments may have a bigger impact than physical activity or sedentary behavior on the SOC value for adolescents.
  4. Lygnegård F, Alricsson M, Östenberg AH. Upper Secondary School Pupils' Experience of a Lifestyle Plan Based on Physical Power, Mental Harmony, and Social Capacity. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2023 Mar 3;20(5):4532. doi: 10.3390/ijerph20054532. PMID: 36901542; PMCID: PMC10002403.
    This study aimed to illustrate upper secondary school pupils' experience using a self-administered web-based health-promoting tool, the Swedish Physical Power, Mental Harmony, and Social Capacity (FMS) student profile.
    Five upper secondary schools in Sweden were included. Focus group interviews with pupils (10 girls, 5 boys, 15–19 years) were conducted, and data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis.
    The use of a self-administered web-based health-promoting tool is viewed as beneficial for raising awareness and motivation to implement strategies that help attain a healthier lifestyle in upper secondary school students regarding factors affecting perceived health.