bild på nanotråd i sveptunnelmikroskop

Linnaeus Physics Colloquium: Exploring Nanostructures with Scanning Tunneling Microscopy

Välkommen till höstens första Linnaeus Physics Colloquium, en seminarieserie med framstående forskare i fysik.

Föreläsare: Rainer Timm, avdelningen för synkrotronljusfysik vid fysiska institutionen och NanoLund, Lunds universitet
Titel: Exploring Nanostructures with Scanning Tunneling Microscopy

Plats: Kalmar – sal N304, Norrgård. Växjö – via länk, rum D0073, hus D. Live via Adobe Connect – https://connect.sunet.se/cmp-kalmar.

Kaffe och bullar kl. 13.45 på Norrgård, rum N304.

Illustration: Bild från sveptunnelmikroskop på InAs-nanotråd som visar två övergångar mellan kristallfaserna zinkblände och wurtzit.

Abstract

Semiconductor nanostructures, such as clusters, quantum dots, or nanowires, are promising candidates for next generation (opto)electronic devices. They combine novel materials science properties, quantum-size effects, and a large flexibility in combining different materials. As an example, III-V semiconductor nanowires with superior charge carrier mobility and direct bandgap can be epitaxially grown on silicon substrates without interfacial defects. Due to the small size and high aspect ratio of most nanostructures, their properties are to a significant extend determined by surface effects. Therefore, detailed surface and interface characterization is crucial for understanding and improving the performance of nanowire-based devices. Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) has proven to be a powerful tool for exploring surface structure and electronic properties at the atomic scale. However, the finite size, inherent anisotropy, and large aspect ratio of nanostructures are significant challenges for an STM experiment.

Here, I will present our different STM-based approaches for the atomic-scale characterization of III-V semiconductor nanowires in various geometries. We map heterostructures across interfaces between different crystal phases, different doping levels, or different semiconductor materials. By combining STM imaging with scanning tunneling spectroscopy measurements, we correlate the surface structure and local electronic properties at heterostructures with atomically sharp interfaces. Our most recent efforts include in-situ and operando studies, where we investigate nanowires during device performance or while their surface becomes modified. I will show examples of STM results that are relevant for fundamental materials science as well as for future tunnel field effect transistors or solar cells.

 

Kalmar: sal N304, Norrgård. Växjö: via länk, rum D0073, hus D. Live: https://connect.sunet.se/cmp-kalmar. Carlo Canali Lägg till i din kalender